In order to overcome technical difficulties, the engineers at Sony developed a “dense” recording system (thus its name, Betamax, from the Japanese word ‘beta’, meaning thick, dense.) When Betamax was introduced in Japan and the United States in 1975, its Beta I speed of 1.57 inches per second (ips) offered a slightly higher horizontal resolution (250 lines vs 240 lines horizontal NTSC), lower video noise, and less luma/chroma crosstalk than VHS, and was later marketed as providing pictures superior to VHS's playback. La TV es la reina del entretenimiento doméstico. By 1980, out of an estimated 100,000 homes with VCRs, 70% were rented, and the presence of three competing formats (the third being Video 2000) meant that renting was an even more attractive choice, since a lot of money (about £2000) could be spent on a system which might become obsolete. remove. Sony brought along a Betamax prototype for Matsushita's engineers to evaluate. Super Betamax offered a slight improvement from 250 to 290 lines horizontally. Although VHS is still available in VHS/DVD combination units, the last dedicated JVC VHS unit was produced in 2008.[16]. For most consumers the difference as seen on the average television of the time was negligible. JVC's parent corporation, Matsushita, later met with RCA and agreed to manufacture a four-hour-capable VHS machine for RCA.[8]. Betamax vs. VHS. Find VHS or Beta tour schedule, concert details, reviews and photos. Beta sales dwindled away and VHS emerged as the winner of the format war. It was not until the late 1970s that Betamax offered recording times comparable to VHS. Beta, Campy Horror Films and Searching for Japanese Porn (Q&A) ... Director Josh Johnson's doc is a love letter to … Video Tape Transfer Service, Digitization to MP4 (VHS, VHS-C, Hi8, Video 8, Digital8, 8mm, MiniDV, Beta, Audio) - New Customer Offer 4.7 out of 5 stars 393 $14.91 $ 14 . VHS ultimately emerged as the preeminent format.[1]. [citation needed], When home VCRs started to become popular in the UK, the main issue was one of availability and price. Las productoras cinematog… Video Tape Transfer Service, Digitization to MP4 (VHS, VHS-C, Hi8, Video 8, Digital8, 8mm, MiniDV, Beta, Audio) - New Customer Offer 4.7 out of 5 stars 393 $14.91 $ 14 . At some point and for some reason the choice of rental movies on VHS became better than Betamax. Partially this is due to Beta still having a rabid "cult" following that prefers to play the actual tapes instead of DVD copies, and partially this is due to them being scarce compared to VHS … Sony did adapt and offer various solutions for longer recording, but it was too late. The first video cassette recorder (VCR) to become available was the U-matic system, released in September 1971. The cassettes contain 0.50-inch-wide (12.7 mm) videotape in a design similar to that of the earlier, professional 0.75-inch-wide (19 mm), U-matic [10][11] By 1981, sales of Beta machines in the United States had sunk to 25% of the VCR market. For the European markets the issue was one of cost, since VHS had already gained dominance in the United States (70% of the market), and the large economy of scale allowed VHS units to be sold at a far lower cost than the rarer Betamax units. Of course, both Betamax and VHS were eventually made obsolete by digital technology. Also, many features that came standard on VHS and Betamax machines (such as direct AV in and out connectors), were only available as expensive "optional extras" on V2000. MrBetamax specializes in refurbishing Beta recorders and Beta equipment. [9] The extension of VHS to VHS HQ increased the apparent resolution to 250 lines, so that overall a Betamax/VHS user could expect virtually identical luma resolution and chroma resolution (≈30 lines), wherein the actual picture performance depended on other factors, including the condition and quality of the videotape and the specific video recorder machine model. RCA had discussions with Sony, but RCA felt the recording time was too short, insisting that they needed at least a 4-hour recording time (reportedly because that was the length of an average televised American football game). remove. The first Betamax device introduced in the United States was the LV-1901 console, which included a 19-inch (48 cm) color monitor, and appeared in stores in early November 1975. You can purchase vintage Betamax players on eBay for great prices. Sony seemed to have misjudged the home video market. While VHS machines' lower retail price was a major factor, the principal battleground proved to be recording time. Link below “Oh nooo! And there was no adapter available to buy to play the Beta tape in the larger slots of the VHS machines. They both were much worse than broadcast TV. 91 The Betamax vs VHS Format War Sony's Betamax video standard was introduced in 1975, followed a year later by JVC's VHS. VHS OR BETA added an album Apr 30, 2015 at 06:36 AM. [citation needed], For PAL versions, time was less of an issue. You can support this channel on Patreon! However, the introduction of Beta II speed, 0.79 ips (two-hour mode), to compete with VHS's two-hour Standard Play mode (1.31 ips) reduced Betamax's horizontal resolution to 240 lines. Usage is subject to. [citation needed]. Both had previously cooperated in the development and marketing of the U-Matic video cassette format. TITLE. When you mention “Format War”, most will remember the battle between Sony’s Betamax videotapes and JVC’s VHS. Betamax vs VHS and three more hard-fought high-tech format wars Sony’s Betamax video recorder famously lost out to VHS in the VCR format wars. [15], Both Betamax and VHS were supplanted by higher-quality video available from laser-based technology. This kind of lock-in and path dependence failed for Sony, but succeeded for JVC. Although it featured many capabilities formerly only available on expensive broadcast video recorders, V2000 had too long a development cycle and arrived late to the market. Fan safety is our priority. The victory was not due to any technical superiority (Betamax is arguably a better format), but to several factors. [citation needed], Another improvement would be SuperBeta (sometimes called High Band Beta) in 1985. Sony's Betamax video standard was introduced in 1975, followed a year later by JVC's VHS. Sony believed that having better quality recordings was the key to success, and that consumers would be willing to pay a higher retail price for this, whereas it soon became clear that consumer desire was focused more intently on recording time, lower retail price, compatibility with other machines for sharing (as VHS was becoming the format in the majority of homes), brand loyalty to companies who licensed VHS (RCA, Magnavox, Zenith, Quasar, Mitsubishi, Panasonic, Hitachi, Sharp, even JVC itself, etc. VHS's recording time at first release (1976) was two hours, meaning that most feature films could be recorded without a tape change. Betamax (also called Beta, as in its logo) is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Comparison of high-definition optical disc formats, "The Betamax vs VHS Format War, Author: Dave Owen, Originally published: 2005", "Betamax Didn't Lose To VHS Because Of Adult Films", "history - VHS vs Betamax: How influential was the pornography industry in the format war? The Betacam format refers to the family of half-inch videocassette products that Sony developed in 1982 for professional use. However most commentators have played down this issue and cited other reasons as being more important. [21] This format war ended in victory for Sony's Blu-ray Disc in February 2008.[22]. Sony at the time was unaware of JVC's work. As a result of the desire to enter the marketplace faster, the firms both spent less time on research and development and tried to save money by picking a version of the technology they thought would do best without exploring the full gamut of options. The war was over by the late 1980s, although supporters of Betamax have helped keep the format going in a small niche market. Betamax (or simply "Beta") is a consumer-level video cassette recorder (VCR) developed by Sony in Japan and released in 1975. For around a decade the two standards battled for dominance, with VHS eventually emerging as the winner. First, the VHS was lighter than the Betamax: 29 and a half lbs compared to 36 lbs for the this Betamax machine. One more issue is worthy of note—pornography. The recording time was always the critical factor, not the image quality whee Beta might have had slight edge. Like … Bitter Betamax owners cringed in their ever-decreasing corner of the video store while VHS owners gloated. Unlike VHS vcrs, which have dropped almost to zero value second hand, used Betamaxes still fetch strong prices. 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