Non-native plant species are offered as alternative choices because of their benefit to wildlife and for their utility uses such as erosion control and site reclamation. Others tend to refer to it simply as Viburnum trilobum. Leaves: Opposite, simple, 3-lobed and 2 to 4 inches long. americanum (trilobum), as some consider it a subspecies of the Eurasian variety. North Dakota tree handbook.USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. You will often see “highbush cranberry” listed for sale under its old name, Viburnum trilobum, so many people have had the unfortunate experience of discovering that what they purchased was the European form when they were hoping for the American form. High Bush Cranberry. The many branches are covered with small glossy tri-lobed leaves. This publication made possible through a grant from the USDA Forest Service. Viburnum edule (Michx.) American Highbush Cranberry, also known as Viburnum trilobum, is a common shrub of moist soils in about 3/4s of Minnesota. Spiced Highbush Cranberry Sauce Many of my friends have varying relationships with the highbush cranberry. (Viburnum trilobum) General Description A large, leggy, poorly branched native shrub found in wooded, usually moist areas, competing with the rest of the underbrush. To file a complaint alleging discrimination, complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form, AD-3027, found online at http://www.ascr.usda.gov/ complaint_filing_cust.html , or at any USDA office or write a letter addressed to USDA and provided in the letter all of the information requested in the form. Rightmost image shows four Viburnum leaf beetle larvae feeding on one of the branches. Wentworth Highbush Cranberry is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game.. In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) civil rights regulations and policies, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, disability, and reprisal or retaliation for prior civil rights activity. Some love the pungent odor that reminds them of fall’s approach while others find it positively rank. It is nearly identical to Guelder-rose (Viburnum opulus var. Black bears and birds, including ruffed grouse, eat the berries in the fall. Sometimes it’s called viburnum opulus var. Community Engagement and Preparedness (CEP) Program, http://www.ascr.usda.gov/ complaint_filing_cust.html. Submit your completed form or letter to USDA by: (1) mail: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20250- 9410; (2) fax: (202) 690-7442; or (3) email: program. I prefer to call this plant "bad highbush cranberry" because that name is instructive to the forager. The flavor and appearance of the fruit from highbush cranberry plants is a lot like true cranberries. The arching stems create a dense, rounded form. It is tolerant of frost, likes sun or semi-shade, and is successful in most soil types but does best in well-drained, moist soil that is rich and loamy. HIGHBUSH CRANBERRY - VIBURNUM OPULUS Common Name: . Established plants can tolerate drought, but they are helped by supplemental watering during such periods. It does best in well-drained, moist rich, loamy soils. If you wish to eat the fruit, make sure you plant the true North American species,  Viburnum opulus var. White flowers are followed by red "cranberry-like" fruit. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit, or ‘drupes’ as they are known taxonomically, strongly resemble cranberries in both appearance and taste. They can also be used in jellies, jams, pies, sauces, liqueurs, and wine. Viburnum trilobum Highbush Cranberry blooms in spring with white clusters of tiny florets, surrounded by larger florets. americanum. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit, or ‘drupes’ as they are known taxonomically, strongly resemble cranberries in both appearance and taste. Common Name: highbush cranberry, American cranberry bushScientific Name:  The water-soluble preparation (containing a bitter compound called viburnine) has been used for relief of menstrual and stomach cramps and asthma. It is a deciduous shrub with a dense, rounded, spreading habit that typically grows to … The fruit are tart, but rich in vitamin C. They taste a lot like cranberries, but they have one large seed instead of many small ones. Highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. The distinctive orange-red berries of highbush cranberry lend this species its common name. The seeds ripen from August to September. Viburnum opulus var. Highbush Cranberry is also known as Squashberry, Mooseberry, Moosewood Viburnum, Lowbush Cranberry, Few-flowered Highbush Cranberry… Highbush Cranberry - Viburnum trilobum - Zone 3 Highbush cranberry is a medium size deciduous shrub in the same family as elderberry that produces clusters of small red edible berries similar in appearance and taste to cranberries. opulus), an introduction from Europe that's been widely planted as an ornamental and escapes cultivation. If you are wondering whether or not there is a way to tell the difference between the two types (without the need to taste the fruit), then check out the 3rd bullet in the FAQs section below. Opulus is the European relation, commonly called “guelder rose” in those parts. Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is a shrub with multiple narrow trunks and ascending to slightly spreading branches. Handsome hedge or filler plant. The two plants are quite different, however. Edible Qualities: The fruits/drupes can be eaten raw (though not very tasty that way) or cooked, and like cranberries, they are rich in vitamin C and so have a tart, acid taste (the taste is best after a frost and when picked slightly under-ripe). Young non-woody shoots are green to reddish green and glabrous. (Vi-BUR-num ED-yew-lee) ( Newer classification Adoxaceae-the Moschatel Family) Names: The name Viburnum comes from the Latin word for Viburnum lantana, the Wayfaring Tree. Genus: . Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Opposite. Highbush cranberries are confusing, first, as they aren’t really a cranberry at all, as true cranberries are in the blueberry family or Vaccinium which makes small low-growing bushy plants, while highbush cranberry … It’s related to blueberries. Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. The berries soften and sweeten over winter, and are eaten by Cedar Waxwing and other birds … https://extension.umaine.edu/cranberries/highbush-cranberry/. Species: . The arching... References:. They are located mostly in north temperate regions and in tropical mountains. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.). Highbush cranberry is not a true cranberry, it is actually a member of the honeysuckle family. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The American cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. Flowers: It produces flat-top clusters of showy white flowers in June. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) The first species that I wish to discuss is Viburnum opulus, the European highbush cranberry or guelder rose. Our county is full of maple leafed looking plants. … Other: berries tart, but edible, extract of bark used medicinally. The flowers are hermaphrodite (having both male and female organs) and are therefore self-fertile, meaning that an individual plant’s flowers can pollinate one another, so there is no need for a second type (or even a second individual plant) to provide pollen and produce fruit. Check out this delicious-sounding recipe courtesy of EdibleWildFood.com. Raf. To develope a solid screen place plants two to three ft. apart. They often remain on the shrub throughout the winter. Highbush Cranberry (not a true cranberry), 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is smaller than Nannyberry, but a remarkable wildlife shrub all the same. The petiole is grooved and has round, raised glands near the base. Accessed online. Do you have additional questions? It begins to flower in white clusters during spring at about 5 years of age and will also begin to produce berries at that time. This Highbush Cranberry is also known as the American Cranberry Bush. The two varieties can easily be confused. Urban Forestry Outreach, Research & Extension. Highbush cranberry tolerates most soil types, frost, and drought. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means of communication for program information (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, American Sign Language, etc.) American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. They were a traditional food of native American peoples, and they’re still made into jams, syrups, and pies. apart.]. American Viburnum; Cranberry Viburnum; Highbush Carnberry; Previously known as: Viburnum opulus ssp. The trees can survive this injury, however, and can go on to leaf out normally again the following year. They also mature in the fall, as cranberries do. In North America, the highbush cranberry stretches from British Columbia east to Newfoundland, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia, with an isolated population in New Mexico. This publication made possible through a grant from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. But the fruits can resemble them in taste and looks (University of Maine Extension 2019). The clusters are 2 to 3 inches across, with an outer ring of larger, sterile flowers. Highbush cranberry plants are showy in spring when the flowers bloom against a backdrop … At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Highbush Cranberry is self fertile. They are excellent ornamental plants with year round appeal. Herman, D.E., et al. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect Pests || Pruning, Some Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark. The fruit ripens in fall—just in time for the fall and winter holidays. Insect Pests: Reported to have very few insect problems overalll, but one insect in particular—the Viburnum Leaf Beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni P.)—is capable of completely defoliating highbush cranberry stands (complete defoliation has been seen before in Maine–see photos below). American Viburnum is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada. Wildlife benefits from the plant's fruits that remain on the shrub into winter. Severe damage inflicted yearly, however, will kill the tree. Height. americanum), also known as American cranberry bush, is confusingly not actually related to the cranberries we love to eat around the holidays (i.e., Vaccinium species). The Viburnum leaf beetle was introduced from Europe, and in fact the first North American populations of the beetle were discovered on European highbush cranberry plantings in the Ottawa/Hull region of Canada. It readily sprouts after a fire. Photos by Charles Armstrong, except: Viburnum opulus var. To request a copy of the complaint form, call (866) 632-9992. It does not begin to produce fruit until approximately five years of age. See also Cornell University’s “Highbush Cranberries” fact sheet and/or the NRCS/USDA’s Highbush Cranberry Plant Guide, or contact Charles Armstrong, UMaine Extension’s Cranberry Professional, at the address or phone number below. VIBURNUM TRILOBUM, Highbush Cranberry 1 gallon This easy-to-grow shrub does well in average soils with plenty of moisture and full sun or part shade. 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